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Welcome to another installment in our ongoing Q&A series. Here at Gynecology Associates of Gwinnett, we strongly believe that education is one of the foundations of wellness. That’s why we’re always happy to take some time to answer questions about common gynecological issues and some of the treatments and services we offer. Our hope is that by providing this kind of in-depth knowledge, we can help more women better understand how to achieve and maintain the best-possible reproductive health. Keep reading for more information on vaginismus, menopause, and endometriosis.

Dr Kristine GouldQ.) Are there different kinds of vaginismus or just one?
A.) There are several types of vaginismus that affect women differently. Primary vaginismus describes those who are born with vaginismus and experience discomfort or pain their entire lives (until treatment). Other women develop vaginismus symptoms over time. This is known as secondary vaginismus. Additionally, some women experience global vaginismus, in which vaginismus pain occurs during all instances of vaginal penetration. On the other hand, situational vaginismus describes women who only experience symptoms in certain situations like during sex, but not during gynecological exams or tampon insertion.

Q.) What are the most common effects of the pre-menopause period?
A.) During perimenopause, or the pre-menopause period, women may experience various physical and emotional effects. Hot flashes typically come to mind first, but it’s also quite common for women to go through increased heart rate, headaches, vaginal dryness, urinary incontinence, joint and muscle pain, and more. Additionally, there may also be emotional side effects like sudden mood swings, depression, irritability, fatigue, trouble sleeping, and decreased sex drive.

Q.) What is the connection between endometriosis and infertility?
A.) According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, nearly 40% of women with infertility have endometriosis, indicating a strong association. Inflammation that results from endometriosis can damage the sperm or egg or interfere with how they move through the fallopian tubes and uterus. In more severe endometriosis cases, the fallopian tubes can become blocked by adhesions or scar tissue.

If you have a question of your own or would like to learn more, feel free to schedule an appointment with Gynecology Associates of Gwinnett today. We try to create an environment where our patients can feel comfortable asking more private and personal questions regarding their gynecological health and wellness. If you’re interested in learning more, please contact us today or follow us on Facebook, Twitter and Google+.

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Gynecology Associates of Gwinnett
601 Professional Drive, Suite 330
Lawrenceville, Georgia 30046   
Phone: 678.380.1980   
Fax: 678.380.7348

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