Barrier Birth Control

Barrier Birth ControlAs the name may suggest, barrier birth control blocks sperm from entering the uterus. Often paired with spermicide, which kills most sperm that attempts to enter the vagina, barrier birth control methods include diaphragms and condoms. Meant only for use during sexual intercourse, barrier birth control helps to protect against pregnancy, and in some forms, the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).



Fitted, thin plastic covers that are worn on a man’s penis during sexual intercourse are commonly known as condoms. Condoms come in a variety of different types, but at the very core, condoms are mainly used to prevent pregnancies and STDs by creating a barrier that prevents semen and bodily fluids from entering the vagina, rectum, or mouth. The most commonly used types of condoms include latex, plastic, or lambskin condoms. Additionally, condoms are available in lubricated, textured, and spermicide-containing options. FDA-approved condoms are about 98% effective in preventing pregnancy and can protect you from STDs like HIV, herpes, chlamydia, and gonorrhea when they’re used properly in the right setting.



A diaphragm is a dome-shaped bowl made of thin, flexible rubber. Diaphragms work by blocking sperm from entering the uterus when properly inserted into the vagina and over the cervix. Specifically designed for added protection, diaphragms are covered in spermicide, a sperm-killing substance, and are inserted six hours prior to having sex. Providing 86%-94% effectiveness in preventing pregnancy, diaphragms stay inserted post-sex, for at least six hours (but no more than 24) before it’s safe to remove. Diaphragms are reusable and can last for up to two years with proper washing, drying, and storing.


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Gynecology Associates of Gwinnett
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