Uterine Cancer

Uterine Cancer

Uterine CancerUterine cancer, also known as endometrial cancer, is caused by abnormal cell growth in the lining of the uterus, or endometrium. Uterine sarcoma is cancer of the muscle and tissue that support the uterus. Doctors are not sure what causes uterine cancer and uterine sarcoma but women over the age of 50 or who have entered menopause are most at risk of developing uterine cancer, and in rare cases uterine sarcoma (less than 1% of all uterine cancer cases). Hormonal imbalances, typically when there is more of the hormone estrogen present than the hormone progesterone, cause changes to the uterus’ lining and leave it vulnerable to genetic mutations that create the cancerous cells. Once abnormal cells begin to multiply and spread, they accumulate into a mass and form a tumor that invades nearby tissue – with the potential to spread to other parts of the body.

The good news is uterine cancer is generally detected early because the symptoms are more obvious than other gynecological cancers. Vaginal bleeding (when you are not menstruating or after menopause), abnormal/watery/blood-tinged vaginal discharge, or pelvic pain are common symptoms to look out for. If you are concerned with your own symptoms, scheduling an examination with a Gynecology Associates of Gwinnett provider is highly recommended.

To check your symptoms for uterine cancer, we would perform a pelvic examination and an endometrial biopsy to confirm whether the presence of cancerous cells exist or not. Additional tests are available and may be needed based on our recommendations. Two examples include transvaginal pelvic ultrasounds, which use sound waves to make images of the uterus so we can see how thick the lining has become or whether cancer has grown, and a hysteroscopy. A telescopic procedure, a hysteroscopy lets us see the inside of the uterus in real time and remove a tissue sample of the lining to be used for testing.

 

Uterine Cancer Treatment

When approaching uterine cancer treatment, we take into account the stage of your cancer, where it is located in your body, general health status, and personal preferences. Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy are some options that are available to help kill cancerous cells. Surgery is the most recommended treatment for uterine cancer and is a procedure we perform at Gynecology Associates of Gwinnett.

Uterine cancer surgery involves removing the entire uterus, also called a hysterectomy, in addition to removing the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and cervix. Surrounding tissue is also removed to make sure that the cancer has not spread, or metastasized. Additional treatment options may be necessary if metastasis is found.

 

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Gynecology Associates of Gwinnett
601 Professional Drive, Suite 330
Lawrenceville, Georgia 30046   
Phone: 678.380.1980   
Fax: 678.380.7348

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