Detection & Diagnosis
All women are susceptible to developing gynecological cancers in their lifetime. While the exact cause for why women develop gynecological cancers remain unknown, smoking, aging, heredity, and harmful environmental factors are some of the most notable contributing factors of this disease.
Early detection, diagnosis, and treatment are keys to successful gynecological cancer management. Knowing what to look for during self-examinations, visiting your gynecologist for annual exams, seeking medical attention if you feel there is a concern, actively reducing risks of cancer, and taking prompt action to reduce the spreading of the cancer is vital to your well-being.
We specialize in diagnosing and treating various gynecological cancers including:
Cervical cancer is the only cancer that can be properly screened and vaccinated against, yet it is the most common form of gynecological cancer. Cervical cancer is mainly caused by a sexually-transmitted virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). There are over 100 known types of HPV but fortunately not all will lead to cervical cancer. Some forms of HPV present visible symptoms, like genital warts, but many show no signs at all and are diagnosed by a Pap smear and HPV co-testing.
Cervical cancer symptoms include:
- Vaginal bleeding (not to be confused with menstrual bleeding)
- Abdominal and/or pelvic pain
- Discomfort/pain during sexual intercourse
- Irregular vaginal discharge
Approximately 22,000 new cases of ovarian cancer are diagnosed each year in the United States. It is the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths among women. Although it remains unclear what causes ovarian cancer, some known risk factors include:
- Women of any age can have ovarian cancer, but the risk increases with age. Most cases occur in menopausal women in their sixties.
- The mortality rate among women with ovarian cancer is greatest among those who are obese. Statistics show that being overweight greatly increases a woman’s chances of developing ovarian cancer.
- Ovarian cancer is thought to be connected to two specific mutations on the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes that are also linked to increased risks of breast cancer.
Uterine cancer, also known as endometrial cancer,is caused by abnormal cell growth in the lining of the uterus, or endometrium. Women over the age of 50 or who have entered menopause are most at risk of developing uterine cancer. The good news is uterine cancer is generally detected early because the symptoms are more obvious than other gynecological cancers.
- Irregular vaginal bleeding when you are not menstruating or after menopause
- Abnormal/watery/blood-tinged vaginal discharge
- Abdominal or pelvic pain