Infertility, or the inability to become pregnant, is very common. The Centers for disease control (CDC) estimate that roughly 10% of all women in the US between the ages of 15-44 have difficulty getting pregnant or staying pregnant. Like any other health issue, reproductive or otherwise, treatment and prevention involve understanding the root cause of fertility issues. That’s why we wanted to take some time to discuss the leading causes of female infertility.
Damage To The Fallopian Tubes
Damage to the Fallopian tubes can cause infertility in women. The fallopian tubes allow the eggs to travel safely from the ovaries to the uterus. In cases where they become damaged or blocked, the sperm may be unable to reach the egg or the fertilized egg may be unable to reach the uterus. Certain medical conditions including pelvic Inflammatory disease, endometriosis, a chronic illness, or certain birth defects can cause damage to the fallopian tubes.
Endometriosis is one of the most common causes of fertility issues in women. The condition occurs when tissue that normally grows in the uterus implants and extends to other locations in a woman’s reproductive system. In some cases, this excess tissue, as well as the surgery to remove it, can lead to scarring which may block the fallopian tubes and cause difficulty in becoming pregnant. Endometriosis can also possibly affect fertility by disrupting the lining of the uterus or damaging the sperm or egg.
Issues Related to Ovulation
Certain disorders that affect the frequency of ovulation account for about 1 in 4 cases of infertility in women. These ovulation issues can be caused by flaws in the regulation of reproductive hormones or by problems found within the ovary itself. Some common causes for these ovulation disorders include hormone imbalances, eating disorders, abuse of drugs or alcohol, weight fluctuation, and being overly stressed. This can also include polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), premature ovarian failure, or issues related to the pituitary gland.
While we do specialize in detecting and treating fertility issues in women, regular appointments with a board-certified gynecologist or nurse practitioner are still the most helpful way to promote the best possible reproductive health. For more information on female infertility or to request an appointment, please contact Gynecology Associates of Gwinnett today. You can also follow along with us on Facebook for additional news, health tips, and much more. And check out our full-service med spa, MadEmEl Medical Aesthetics on Instagram.